Barn animals include all domestic farm animals such as cows and horses, which are sheltered in a barn. Barn animals are mainly raised for providing milk and food products. Some animals like horses and mules are used to help with farm work.
Barn horses are also used for a wide variety of sport and entertainment activities such as riding and racing. Cows are raised for milk and meat. Other barn animals include goats, sheep, pigs, chicken, and rabbits. There are some barns that accommodate animals such as elephants, giraffes, and monkeys. These barn animals are raised by some as a hobby and for entertaining others.
For raising animals, the barn should meet basic requirements such as good ventilation and a good feeding system, solid floor, high side walls, kick-proof walls and doors, adequate water availability and good plumbing. One of the important features that animal barns must have is efficient waste disposal. These barns should have space and privacy for each animal. The size of the barn should cater to the number and nature of the animals contained therein.
Animal barns should have measures to safeguard barn animals from fire, earthquake, winds, flood and other natural disasters. Barn animals are to be protected from excessive heat and cold. They must be brought out to open fields frequently. This could enhance the health of these animals. Barn animals should be bathed in water at least once in a week.
Food, tools and other basic animal requirements are also stored inside the barn. It is desirable to store combustible items such as hay and straw away from animal barns.
There are many professional animal barns, which are particularly meant for raising barn animals. They are larger and need much more working capital than normal barns. They will have effective solid waste and wastewater treatment.